“War, a state of armed conflict between brothers over control and power.”
Ever since the beginning of time, brothers fought against each other over a dispute, to be free from bondage or for honour. But at the end of every war we remember each of our fellow soldiers from the ruthless battles to commemorate their loyalty to the country and for what they have done for her (country). It was 4:30 pm, the 10 th of February, 1921, the All India War Memorial was being visited by the Duke of Connaught attended by various officials of the Indian Army and the Viceroy. On the occasion the Duke read out a message by the King, which said, "On this spot, in the central vista of the Capital of India, there will stand a Memorial Archway, designed to keep the glorious sacrifice of the officers and men of the British Indian Army who fought and fell". Ten years later, on the 12 February of 1931, Lord Irwin inaugurated the ‘India Gate’, which was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, a very imaginative English architect of the 20 th century who is well known for designing the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The design of the ‘elemental mode’ structure was a universal architecture style free of religious ornamentation. It stand 138 feet above the ground and has a span of 30 feet. There is a shallow domed bowel at the top, specifically intended to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries. The hexagonal complex has an area of 306,000 square metres. There are inscriptions on the cornice of the India Gate and 13,218 war dead are commemorated by their names on the gate.
To this day, it stands as a memorial to 70,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army who died in between 1914–1921 in the First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the third Anglo-Afghan War.
Tesinlo Gwakvu Semy (3 rd year, Diploma In Architectural Assistantship, Lovely Professional University).